October 28, 2021

Literature Journal

World literature news

Marcel Proust – books and biography

Full name: Marcel Proust

Date of birth July 10, 1871

Died November 18, 1922


French modernist writer Marcel Proust was born on July 10, 1871 in Paris. Proust’s father was a renowned physician who sought remedies for the spread of cholera. At the age of 9, the future author experienced his first asthma attack, which will torment him all his life. Proust studied at the Lycée Condorcet and the law school at the Sorbonne. He was a regular at various salons, which was understandable given his position and occupation. Later, Proust kept a salon chronicle in Figaro. In 1894, the writer published a book of poetry in a decadent spirit. However, the publication received virtually no reviews.

After that, Marcel Proust published another book, Joy and Days, which was also not successful. The publication even caused a duel between the writer and the critic, who created a negative review of this collection. In subsequent years, Proust takes an active part in political life and is engaged in translations. In 1903, his father died, and 2 years later, his mother. The writer received a large inheritance, but asthma forced him to lead a modest and reclusive lifestyle. The writer was homosexual and is said to have had a long-term relationship with Reinaldo An. In 1907, he began work on The Search for Lost Time, which continued until the end of Proust’s life. In 1919, the writer was awarded the Goncourt Prize for one of the parts of the cycle, the novel “Under the canopy of girls in bloom”. Proust died on November 18, 1922 in Paris.

The modern reader can call Proust the author of one single work, “In Search of Lost Time.” This cycle consists of 7 parts. However, it is quite possible that if it were not for the early death of the writer, there would be more novels. If not for the First World War, “In Search of Lost Time” could very well look like a trilogy today. Today this work is considered a masterpiece of European modernism, in particular because of the style of writing (the novel uses the method of “stream of consciousness”).

In Search of Lost Time Marcel Proust