October 26, 2021

Literature Journal

World literature news

Arthur Schopenhauer – books and biography


Full name: Arthur Schopenhauer
Date of birth 22 February 1788
Died September 21, 1860
Biography
German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was born on February 22, 1788. His father was an educated man and often traveled to France and England on business. Schopenhauer’s mother was 20 years younger than her husband. She was a famous writer in her day. When the boy was 16 years old, his father committed suicide. Schopenhauer had a difficult relationship with his mother. It’s all about her work. She wrote about the unfortunate fate of women getting married. And that success for a woman is possible only through childlessness. Of course, this angered the future philosopher.

Arthur Schopenhauer studied at a private gymnasium in Runge, where he was trained to engage in commerce, and in 1809 the philosopher entered the University of Göttingen. At first he studied medicine, but later moved to the Faculty of Philosophy. After completing his studies, Schopenhauer moved to Berlin, where the author attended lectures by the famous philosophers Fichte and Schleiermacher. Schopenhauer’s first book was published in 1819. It was the fundamental work “The World as Will and Representation”, which today is considered central to the philosopher’s legacy. Many critical reviews and reviews have been written about this work. His views, expressed in the work, and his writing style, distinguished by aphoristic, influenced many philosophers and writers of the 20th century. Among them are such outstanding personalities as Nietzsche, Wagner, Freud, Borges, Leo Tolstoy and others.

Schopenhauer was a bachelor and was very careful about his freedom, which is not surprising if you remember the views of his mother. He spent a lot of time in his office reading books. His library consisted of about 1.5 thousand volumes. The philosopher was fluent in many foreign languages. Schopenhauer left a lot of comments about the meaning of his work “The World as Will and Representation.” Many readers have called him a philosopher of pessimism.