Gonzalo Aurelio Esteva y Landero was a Mexican journalist and diplomat, was born in Veracruz, Mexico on February 18, 1843.1 He worked with the liberal generation of 1857. In 1869 he founded the newspaper El Renacimiento together with Ignacio Manuel Altamirano. In 1878 he founded the newspaper El Nacional, which was considered the spokesman for the upper class of the capital society.2
His diplomatic experience dates back to the time of the Second Empire, serving as Second Secretary in the Legations of Mexico in France and Italy in 1865.3 With the fall of the Empire of Maximilian of Habsburg, returns to Mexico. He joined the liberal government of President Juarez, where he served between 1871 and 1872 as the first Officer of the European Section of the Chancellery.4
He was deputy to the Congress of the Union on three occasions: in the VII Legislature (1873-187), the VIII Legislature (1875-1878) and the XV Legislature (1890-1892) .5 He will combine his career as a legislator with his profession of journalist. Despite his opposition to the regime of General Porfirio Diaz, on December 17, 1891, he was appointed Resident Minister of Mexico in Italy.4 In August 1898 he was promoted to Minister Plenipotentiary. In addition to the representation before the Kingdom of Italy, Esteva has an important participation in international conferences, which are, ordered by year:
- Delegate to the First International Congress of Children.
- Delegate at the V International Congress for the Protection of Intellectual Property.
- Head of the Delegation of Mexico to the International Congress of Historical Sciences.
- Delegate to the International Conference on Agriculture.
- Head of the Delegation of Mexico to the VI Universal Postal Congress.
- Head of the Delegation of Mexico to the Hague Peace Conference of 1907.
- Permanent Representative of Mexico to the International Institute of Agriculture.
Esteva would remain in his post until August 1914, the date on which the constitutionalist government of Venustiano Carranza ignores him for having been under the orders of the Victoriano Huerta administration.6 He will live in Rome until his death, on February 15, 1927 .